These animations show snapshots of the MCMC algortihim running 2^30 steps of 1-flip under different compactness constraints. Equal population and simply connected districts are enforced in each run. Full image sequences are avaliable, see 'links'.

Inverse Metric

Inverse Metric

L1 for Polsby-Popper threshold set to 160

Inverse Metric

L infinity Polsby-Popper threshold set to 25

Inverse Metric

L1 for Discrete metric threshold set to 1.47e6

Inverse Metric

L1 for Polsby-Popper threshold set to 70

Inverse Metric

L infinity Polsby-Popper threshold set to 6

Inverse Metric

L1 for Discrete metric threshold set to 6.96e6