These animations show snapshots of the MCMC algortihim running 2^30 steps of 1-flip under different compactness constraints. Equal population and simply connected districts are enforced in each run. Full image sequences are avaliable, see 'links'.

No contstraint

Inverse Metric

L1

Inverse Metric

L1 for Polsby-Popper threshold set to 160

L infinity

Inverse Metric

L infinity Polsby-Popper threshold set to 25

Discrete metric

Inverse Metric

L1 for Discrete metric threshold set to 1.47e6

L1 (new rep)

Inverse Metric

L1 for Polsby-Popper threshold set to 70

L infinity (new rep)

Inverse Metric

L infinity Polsby-Popper threshold set to 6

Discrete metric (new rep)

Inverse Metric

L1 for Discrete metric threshold set to 6.96e6